Differences between revisions 29 and 30
Revision 29 as of 2007-11-08 16:41:08
Size: 13292
Comment: adding back info on how mp3's were constructed
Revision 30 as of 2007-11-08 23:53:05
Size: 13291
Comment: remove extra slash
Deletions are marked like this. Additions are marked like this.
Line 146: Line 146:
src snapshots http:///206.163.122.98/~russell/openwrt/r9512 src snapshots http://206.163.122.98/~russell/openwrt/r9512

Netgear WGT634U-based Network Stumbler

The Jason McArthur Version

As early as the summer or early autumn of 2005, JasonMcArthur began working on a Netgear WGT634U-based stumbler device, based on OpenWgt and a 2.4.20 kernel.

  • [Need OpenWgt-based stumbler construction instructions here]

The Russell Senior Version

In early March of 2006, RussellSenior began sponging off of JasonMcArthur's work and assistance. Eventually, because he didn't have access to JasonMcArthur's build environment, and because he was seeing some problems that he didn't understand and needed to fiddle with, he began diverging from JasonMcArthur's image, and began playing with an OpenWrt-derived stumbler instead, principally because he understood how to build packages using its buildroot environment.

This is a description of how RussellSenior goes about building a stumbler device based on the NetgearWgt643u and OpenWrt. This is experimental software. Follow these instructions at your own risk.

Hardware

  • Netgear WGT634U
  • USB2 hub
  • USB storage device
  • USB GPS device (such as the GlobalSat BU-353)

  • 3.3V serial console cable for WGT634U
  • random, compact USB device (used as an enable-key)

Building OpenWrt Software

Currently, I am using the kamikaze svn tree. This description is based on the already obsolete r9512.

cd /src/openwrt
git clone git://nbd.name/openwrt.git
git clone git://nbd.name/packages.git
mkdir build
cd openwrt
git clone -l -s . ../build/r9512
cd ../build/r9512
ln -s /src_archive/openwrt/dl .  # an existing archive of downloaded packages
cd package
for i in $(find ../../../packages -type d | grep -v .svn | awk -F/ 'NF==6') ; do echo $i ; ln -s $i $(echo $i | awk -F/ '{ print $6 }') ; done

Right now there are two tweaks I am doing to the stock trunk. One is that I am upgrading kismet to 2007-10-R1 and I am using a tweaked svn gpsd. If you disable enough stuff and reduce array sizes enough the current gpsd is usable. I am working on getting these accepted into openwrt. In the meantime, please contact me for my patches.

cd /src/openwrt/build/r9512
make menuconfig
script
make V=99
exit

In the menuconfig, I set the Target System to (Broadcom BCM947xx/953xx [2.6]), and for kicks I also "Select all packages by default" and enable a few things (which I am currently forgetting) that don't automatically get configured in. Often, you will find packages that won't build for some reason or another. In those cases, open a ticket, deconfigure the package in menuconfig and try again. Run make alone to see abbreviated messages, or make V=99 to get lots of information. The configuration I used for r9512 can be found [http://www.personaltelco.net/~russell/openwrt/config-r9512-2.6 here].

When the build is complete, the resulting files will be found thusly:

  • /src/openwrt/build/r9512/bin contains the flashable images

  • /src/openwrt/build/r9512/bin/packages contains the .ipk files

Now, you can copy the ipkg repository somewhere wget'able, e.g.:

rsync -v -a -H /src/openwrt/build/r9512/bin/packages/ donk.personaltelco.net:public_html/openwrt/r9512/

Checking out the WGT634U

If this is a new device, it is probably a good idea to check it out on the stock firmware first to make sure it functions.

  • apply power
  • use another computer to associate over the wireless

The Flash Environment

There is more than one way to flash the newly-built image onto the WGT634U.

CFE TFTP Flash-From-Console Method

This is the method I tend to use. For this, you will need a TFTP server and a serial console cable. On my debian/unstable box, I use the tftpd-hpa package.

  • copy the image file to the TFTP server directory.
    cp /src/openwrt/build/r9512/bin/openwrt-wgt634u-2.6-jffs2.bin /var/lib/tftpboot/wgt634u/openwrt-wgt634u-2.6-jffs2-r9512.bin
  • open the WGT634U case by removing 4 screws from the bottom. These are either ordinary phillips (often seen on the refurbs) or T-8 torx screws.
  • connect the serial console to the WGT634U
  • connect a LAN network cable to the WAN port (nearest the USB port)
  • while holding Ctrl-C on the serial console, apply power:
    CFE version 1.0.34 for BCM95365R (32bit,SP,LE)
    Build Date: Tue Feb 24 03:21:41 CST 2004 (root@jackylinux)
    Copyright (C) 2000,2001,2002 Broadcom Corporation.
    
    Add MAC client version(DNI).
    Initializing Arena.
    Initializing Devices.
    et0: Broadcom BCM47xx 10/100 Mbps Ethernet Controller
    CPU type 0x29007: 200MHz
    Total memory: 0x2000000 bytes (32MB)
    
    Total memory used by CFE:  0x81BB1280 - 0x82000000 (4517248)
    Initialized Data:          0x81BB1280 - 0x81BB3E90 (11280)
    BSS Area:                  0x81BB3E90 - 0x81BB45D0 (1856)
    Local Heap:                0x81BB45D0 - 0x81FB45D0 (4194304)
    Stack Area:                0x81FB45D0 - 0x81FB65D0 (8192)
    Text (code) segment:       0x81FB65E0 - 0x81FFFFB0 (301520)
    Boot area (physical):      0x01B70000 - 0x01BB0000
    Relocation Factor:         I:E23B65E0 - D:01BB0280
    
    configure vlans
    *****************************************************************
    *********************** VLAN Driver initial  ********************
    *****************************************************************
    Process LAN port(2-5) vlan Architecture...
    SUCCESS: trying to create VLAN 0 for switch
    SUCCESS: trying to add LAN port
    
    Process WAN port(2-5) vlan Architecture...
    SUCCESS: trying to create VLAN 0 for switch
    SUCCESS: trying to add WAN port
    SUCCESS: enable ports  success
    configure vlans...done
    Automatic startup canceled via Ctrl-C
    CFE> ^C
    CFE> 
  • Configure the network. This is easiest if there is a DHCP server on the network:
    CFE> ifconfig eth0 -auto
    Device eth0:  hwaddr 00-0F-B5-97-29-39, ipaddr 192.168.0.145, mask 255.255.255.0
            gateway 192.168.0.1, nameserver 192.168.0.1, domain personaltelco.net
    *** command status = 0
  • Now, flash the image you want to use and reboot:
    CFE> flash -noheader 192.168.0.5:wgt634u/openwrt-wgt634u-2.6-jffs2-r9512.bin flash0.os
    CFE> reboot

Configuration

  • To get a console prompt, wait until the bootup has finished, and press enter to wake up a shell.
  • In order to take advantage of your kamikaze ipkg's, you first need to modify /etc/ipkg.conf. The wget that is installed in the starting image is the busybox version, which currently shoots itself in the head if it finds an AAAA (ipv6) record and there is no ipv6 routing infrastructure available. So get around this by using an ipv4 ipaddr in the URL:
    src snapshots http://206.163.122.98/~russell/openwrt/r9512
    #src snapshots http://openwrt.org/downloads/snapshots/brcm-2.6/packages
    dest root /
    dest ram /tmp
  • To update your WGT634U using this package archive:
    ipkg update
  • Now, start adding packages:
    ipkg install ip kmod-usb-storage kmod-usb-serial-pl2303 gpsd-beta libstdcpp kismet-server kmod-fs-vfat kmod-nls-cp437 kmod-nls-iso8859-1 kmod-sound-core kmod-usb-audio madplay
  • modify /etc/banner to reflect the svn snapshot.
  • disable a few extraneous things:

mv /etc/init.d/httpd /etc/init.d/httpd_
  • download the "extra" files:

cd /tmp
wget http://206.163.122.98/~russell/r9512-extra-files.tar.gz
cd /
tar xzvf /tmp/r9512-extra-files.tar.gz
  • Among the extra files are:
  • /etc/init.d/setclock
    #
    # /etc/init.d/S95setclock
    # 
    # Find gps device and set clock via gpsd
    #
    # Russell Senior 2006 <russell@personaltelco.net>
    
    PLAY=/usr/bin/play
    SOUNDDIR=/usr/share/sounds
    DEV=/dev/ttyUSB0
    
    # wait for a usb-serial device to appear
    while [ ! -c ${DEV} ]; do
            echo "waiting for usb-serial device"
            ${PLAY} ${SOUNDDIR}/insert-gps.mp3
            sleep 2
    done
    
    if ! pidof gpsd ; then
            gpsd -n ${DEV}
    fi
    
    sleep 5
    
    ${PLAY} ${SOUNDDIR}/fixing.mp3
    
    date -s $(awk -F, -f /usr/lib/setclock.awk ${DEV})
    
    # kill any pre-existing gpsd
    if pidof gpsd ; then  
            echo "killing gpsd"
            PID=$(pidof gpsd)   
            kill ${PID} 
            wait ${PID}         
    fi                          
                                    
    ${PLAY} ${SOUNDDIR}/cleaned-up.mp3
  • /usr/lib/setclock.awk
    $1 ~ /GPRMC/ && $3 ~ /A/ { printf "%s%s%s%s20%s.%s",substr($10,3,2),substr($10,1,2),substr($2,1,2),substr($2,3,2),substr($10,5,2),substr($2,5,2) ; exit }
    $1 ~ /GPRMC/ && $3 !~ /A/ { nofix++ ; if (nofix % 5 == 0) { system("/usr/bin/play /usr/share/sounds/fixing.mp3") } }
  • /etc/init.d/kismet
    if pidof kismet_wrapper ; then
            PID=$(pidof kismet_wrapper)
            kill ${PID}
            wait ${PID}
    fi
    
    /usr/sbin/kismet_wrapper &
  • /usr/bin/play
    /usr/bin/madplay -Q -a -10 --no-tty-control $@
  • /usr/sbin/kismet_wrapper
    # watches for presence of a VENDOR ID on the usb bus to determine
    # whether ${CMD} should run
    
    CMD=kismet_server
    CMDSTR="/usr/bin/kismet_server -f /etc/kismet.conf"
    MNT=/mnt/usbdrive
    DEV=/dev/ttyUSB0
    VENDOR="0a12"
    INTERVAL=5
    
    PLAY=/usr/bin/play
    SOUNDDIR=/usr/share/sounds
    
    while ( true ); do
        echo "starting loop"
        if grep -q "Vendor=${VENDOR}" /proc/bus/usb/devices ; then
            # enable key is inserted
            echo "enable key inserted"
            if ! pidof ${CMD} ; then
                # ${CMD} isn't already running, so execute ${CMDSTR} to start
    
                if pidof gpsd ; then
                    PID=$(pidof gpsd)
                    echo "killing gpsd ${PID}"
                    kill ${PID}
                    wait ${PID}
                    ${PLAY} ${SOUNDDIR}/gpsd-stopped.mp3
                fi
    
                # wait for a usb-serial device to appear
                while [ ! -c ${DEV} ]; do
                    echo "waiting for usb-serial device"
                    ${PLAY} ${SOUNDDIR}/insert-gps.mp3
                    sleep 2
                done
    
                # restarting gpsd in the normal waiting mode
                echo "restarting gpsd"
                gpsd ${DEV} 
    
                ${PLAY} ${SOUNDDIR}/gpsd-started.mp3
    
                while [ ! -b /dev/sda1 ]; do
                    echo "waiting for /dev/sda1"
                    ${PLAY} ${SOUNDDIR}/insert-storage.mp3
                    sleep 2
                done 
    
                while ! grep -q '^/dev/sda1' /proc/mounts ; do
                    echo "mounting storage"
                    ${PLAY} ${SOUNDDIR}/mounting-storage.mp3
                    mount /dev/sda1 ${MNT} 
                    sleep 1
                done
                ${PLAY} ${SOUNDDIR}/storage-mounted.mp3
    
                cd ${MNT}
    
                echo "starting ${CMD}"
                ${PLAY} ${SOUNDDIR}/starting-kismet.mp3
                ${CMDSTR} &
                
                sleep 3
                # check to see if kismet died (like after the 4th restart)
                if ! pidof ${CMD} ; then
                    ${PLAY} ${SOUNDDIR}/kismet-stopped.mp3
                    cd /tmp
                    while grep -q '^/dev/sda1' /proc/mounts ; do
                        ${PLAY} ${SOUNDDIR}/unmounting-storage.mp3
                        umount ${MNT} 
                        sleep 1
                    done
                    ${PLAY} ${SOUNDDIR}/storage-unmounted.mp3
                    ${PLAY} ${SOUNDDIR}/rebooting.mp3
                    reboot
                fi
            else
                # kismet is running, make sure gpsd is also
                if ! pidof gpsd ; then
                    echo WARNING: gpsd is not running!
                    ${PLAY} ${SOUNDDIR}/no-gpsd.mp3
                    if [ -c ${DEV} ]; then
                        echo "restarting gpsd"
                        gpsd ${DEV} 
                        ${PLAY} ${SOUNDDIR}/gpsd-started.mp3
                    fi
                fi
            fi
        else
            # enable key is NOT inserted
            echo "enable key not inserted"
            if pidof ${CMD} ; then
                #  is running, so kill it
    
                echo "stopping ${CMD}"
                ${PLAY} ${SOUNDDIR}/stopping-kismet.mp3
                PID=$(pidof ${CMD})
                kill ${PID}
                wait ${PID}
                echo "finished waiting on ${PID}"
                ${PLAY} ${SOUNDDIR}/kismet-stopped.mp3
    
                cd /tmp
                
                while grep -q '^/dev/sda1' /proc/mounts ; do
                    echo "unmounting storage"
                    ${PLAY} ${SOUNDDIR}/unmounting-storage.mp3
                    umount ${MNT} 
                    sleep 1
                done
                ${PLAY} ${SOUNDDIR}/storage-unmounted.mp3
    
                echo "stopping gpsd"
                ${PLAY} ${SOUNDDIR}/stopping-gpsd.mp3
                PID=$(pidof gpsd)
                kill ${PID}
                wait ${PID}
                echo "finished waiting on ${PID}"
                ${PLAY} ${SOUNDDIR}/gpsd-stopped.mp3
             else
                ${PLAY} ${SOUNDDIR}/waiting.mp3
            fi
        fi
        echo "sleeping ${INTERVAL} seconds"
        sleep ${INTERVAL}
    done            
  • I used a combination of festival and toolame to create mp3's for madplay:
    echo "string" | text2wave - > string.wav
    toolame string.wav string.mp3

WgtStumbler (last edited 2007-11-23 18:02:18 by localhost)